Chapter 22 : Gastrointestinal Viruses

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Since the demonstration by Albert Kapikian and colleagues that a virus was the etiological agent of Norwalk gastroenteritis (1), multiple viruses have been recognized as significant causes of gastroenteritis in children and adults. Gastrointestinal viruses have been implicated in food and waterborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis, seasonal disease, and outbreaks in all age groups in both the developed and developing worlds. The major gastrointestinal viruses causing acute gastroenteritis are found in several virus families (Table 1) and will be discussed in greater detail in the following text.

Citation: Bowen M. 2016. Gastrointestinal Viruses, p 311-328. In Loeffelholz M, Hodinka R, Young S, Pinsky B (ed), Clinical Virology Manual, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819156.ch22
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Image of FIGURE 1

Electron micrographs of gastroenteritis viruses: (A) sapoviruses; (B) noroviruses; (C) astroviruses; (D) small round viruses; (E) rotaviruses; (F) adenoviruses; (G) coronaviruses; (H) torovirus-like particles; (I) picobirnaviruses. Bar = 100 nm.

Citation: Bowen M. 2016. Gastrointestinal Viruses, p 311-328. In Loeffelholz M, Hodinka R, Young S, Pinsky B (ed), Clinical Virology Manual, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819156.ch22
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