Chapter 4 : Gastrointestinal Syndromes

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Gastroenteritis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in humans, and viruses are important causes of this disease. While many viruses have been associated with diarrhea in humans, we know most about rotavirus because the methods used to detect it are best developed. Rotavirus remains the most important cause of severe diarrhea in children worldwide. Implementation of effective vaccines has resulted in a substantial reduction of the rotavirus disease burden. As rotavirus incidence drops in countries with mature vaccination programs, norovirus is increasingly being recognized as a major cause of pediatric diarrhea.

Citation: Leshem E, Parashar U. 2017. Gastrointestinal Syndromes, p 47-59. In Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F (ed), Clinical Virology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819439.ch4
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Image of FIGURE 1

Electron micrographs showing agents of viral gastroenteritis. (A) rotavirus; (B) astrovirus; (C) adenovirus; (D and E) Norwalk-like viruses of the family .

Citation: Leshem E, Parashar U. 2017. Gastrointestinal Syndromes, p 47-59. In Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F (ed), Clinical Virology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819439.ch4
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