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Chapter 22 : Ruth E. Moore: The First African-American to Earn a Ph.D. in the Natural Sciences

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Abstract:

Dr. Ruth E. Moore battled both gender and racial discrimination to become the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in the natural sciences in 1933. She completed her graduate studies at Ohio State University, which later honored her with the Centennial Award for Distinguished Alumni. Her dissertation research focused on the pathogen . Dr. Moore spent the majority of her career at Howard University, where she rose through the ranks and ultimately served as chair of the Department of Bacteriology. She spent many years researching and publishing her data on a variety of research topics, including bacteriology and blood groupings of individuals from various backgrounds. Dr. Moore not only was a well-respected scientist but also dedicated to her life to serving students and her personal community. After stepping down as head of the department, she continued to educate and mentor students, as well as support Howard University, for several decades. This chapter by Candace Rouchon covers Dr. Moore’s significant accomplishments, which not only are recognized by her peers within the scientific community but also have garnered her acknowledgement by the U.S. House of Representatives.

Citation: Rouchon C. 2018. Ruth E. Moore: The First African-American to Earn a Ph.D. in the Natural Sciences, p 207-212. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch22
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Dr. Ruth E. Moore in the bacteriology laboratory at Howard University Medical College in 1949. Image from the Howard University yearbook, ( ).

Citation: Rouchon C. 2018. Ruth E. Moore: The First African-American to Earn a Ph.D. in the Natural Sciences, p 207-212. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch22
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References

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1. Harvey JOM . 2000. The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-Twentieth Century. Taylor & Francis, New York, NY.
2. Warren W . 1999. Black Women Scientists in the United States. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN.
3. Moore RE . 1955. Distribution of blood factors, ABO, MN and Rh in a group of American Negroes. Am J Phys Anthropol 13 : 121 128.
4. Moore RE . 1957. Occurrence of Rh antigen V in a group of American Negroes. J Am Med Assoc 163 : 544 545.
5. Anonymous . 5 August 1994. Microbiologist Ruth Moore dies at 91. Washington Post, Washington, DC. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1994/08/05/microbiologist-ruth-moore-dies-at-91/385c5dee-20a6-46b0-ad2b-bb95cd02075b/.
6. Howard University . 1949. The Bison: 1949, vol 118. Howard University, Washington, DC.
7. Congress . 2005. Congressional Record: Proceedings and debates of the 109th Congress, First Session, vol 151, p 77867787. US Government, Washington, DC.
8. Rossiter MW . 1995. Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940–1972, vol 2. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.
9. Haynes DM . 2014. Always the exception: women and women of color scientists in historical perspective. Peer Rev 16 : 25.

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