Chapter 18 : Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats

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The “Aquatic Phycomycetes” ( Sparrow) ( ) constitutes an ecologically and economically important assemblage of eukaryotic microorganisms that share many morphological traits and ecological functions and interact with each other in the same aquatic ecosystems. There is molecular and structural evidence that the aquatic phycomycetes is a diverse, polyphyletic assemblage of species. For many years little research has been conducted with the aquatic phycomycetes, possibly because they were thought to be ecologically and commercially insignificant, but this perception has recently changed. Many of these species have been found to play key roles in biomass conversion in food webs ( Fig. 1 ) and in the carbon cycle ( ).

Citation: Gleason F, Scholz B, Jephcott T, van Ogtrop F, Henderson L, Lilje O, Kittelmann S, Macarthur D. 2017. Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats, p 399-416. In Heitman J, Howlett B, Crous P, Stukenbrock E, James T, Gow N (ed), The Fungal Kingdom. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0038-2016
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Figure 1

Schematic life cycle of endo- and epibiotic zoosporic parasites infecting marine diatoms. Besides the main cycle (solid black arrows), ecological effects on the marine planktonic and benthic community compositions, as well as interactions, are also depicted (unfilled outlined arrows).

Citation: Gleason F, Scholz B, Jephcott T, van Ogtrop F, Henderson L, Lilje O, Kittelmann S, Macarthur D. 2017. Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats, p 399-416. In Heitman J, Howlett B, Crous P, Stukenbrock E, James T, Gow N (ed), The Fungal Kingdom. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0038-2016
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Figure 2

Representatives of the chytridiomycota infecting marine diatoms in phytoplankton net samples collected from the Skagaströnd area (northwest Iceland). and single cell with multiple chytrid sporangia and colony with multiple infections . Pathogens were visualized by using calcofluor white stain in combination with transmission light and fluorescence excitation (UV light, 330 to 380 nm). Image by B. Scholz. Bar, 100 μm.

Citation: Gleason F, Scholz B, Jephcott T, van Ogtrop F, Henderson L, Lilje O, Kittelmann S, Macarthur D. 2017. Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats, p 399-416. In Heitman J, Howlett B, Crous P, Stukenbrock E, James T, Gow N (ed), The Fungal Kingdom. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0038-2016
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Figure 3

Chytrid parasites infecting a freshwater diatom ( sp.) collected from a freshwater pond in Centennial Park, Sydney, Australia. Image by D.J. Macarthur. Bar, 50 μm.

Citation: Gleason F, Scholz B, Jephcott T, van Ogtrop F, Henderson L, Lilje O, Kittelmann S, Macarthur D. 2017. Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats, p 399-416. In Heitman J, Howlett B, Crous P, Stukenbrock E, James T, Gow N (ed), The Fungal Kingdom. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0038-2016
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Table 1

Currently described phyla in the supergroup Opisthokonta

Citation: Gleason F, Scholz B, Jephcott T, van Ogtrop F, Henderson L, Lilje O, Kittelmann S, Macarthur D. 2017. Key Ecological Roles for Zoosporic True Fungi in Aquatic Habitats, p 399-416. In Heitman J, Howlett B, Crous P, Stukenbrock E, James T, Gow N (ed), The Fungal Kingdom. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0038-2016

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