Chapter 1 : Origin, History, and Meanings of the Word

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The origin of the words and and their derivatives can be traced to the Latin , in turn formed by prefixing the preposition (“across or beyond”) to the verb (“to let go or to send”). The >400 cases we have documented in Latin literature through the 4th century attest to its use throughout Roman history. The earliest records date back to Archaic Latin (3rd to 2nd centuries ) and more specifically to Plautus’s comedies, a fragment by tragic poet Pacuvius, and some of Lucilius’s satires. In light of such frequent use of the verb, the sparing instances found of the respective nouns, and , is intriguing. The former was found in barely a couple of cases in Cicero’s prose, while the latter was used only once each by Pacuvius, Caesar, and Aulus Gellius.

Citation: Villalba J, Navarro F, Cortés F. 2019. Origin, History, and Meanings of the Word , p 3-13. In Baquero F, Bouza E, Gutiérrez-Fuentes J, Coque T (ed), Microbial Transmission. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MTBP-0004-2016
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