Chapter 13 : Antimicrobial Resistance in

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is a bacterium with a special place in the microbiological world since it can cause severe infections in humans and animals but also represents a significant part of the autochthonous microbiota of the different hosts. Of major concern is a possible transmission of virulent and/or resistant between animals and humans through numerous pathways, such as direct contact, contact with animal excretions, or via the food chain. also represents a major reservoir of resistance genes that may be responsible for treatment failures in both human and veterinary medicine. An increasing number of resistance genes has been identified in isolates during the last decades, and many of these resistance genes were acquired by horizontal gene transfer. In the enterobacterial gene pool, acts as a donor and as a recipient of resistance genes and thereby can acquire resistance genes from other bacteria but can also pass on its resistance genes to other bacteria. In general, antimicrobial resistance in is considered one of the major challenges in both humans and animals at a worldwide scale and needs to be considered as a real public health concern.

Citation: Poirel L, Madec J, Lupo A, Schink A, Kieffer N, Nordmann P, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 289-316. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0026-2017
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