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Chapter 16 : Antimicrobial Resistance in

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Abstract:

is a bacterium within the phylum and the class . It belongs to the order and the family . In the genus , is one of 14 approved species (http://www.bacterio.net/bordetella.html). is a small, coccoid-shaped Gram-negative bacterium with a size of about 0.2 to 0.5 µm by 0.5 to 2 µm. It is motile due to peritrichous flagella. In comparison to other spp., its nutritional requirements are simple, and it grows on blood agar plates at 35 to 37°C overnight. The colonies are small, grayish-white, smooth, and shiny, usually without or only with a small zone of hemolysis.

Citation: Kadlec K, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 365-375. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0024-2017
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Figures

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Figure 1

Schematic presentation of the class 1 integrons described so far in isolates. The reading frames of the antimicrobial resistance genes are shown as arrows, and the conserved segments of the class 1 integron are shown as boxes. The beginning and the end of the integrated cassettes are shown in detail below. The translational start and stop codons are underlined. The 59-base elements are shown in bold type, and the putative IntI1 integrase binding domains 1L, 2L, 2R, and 1R are indicated by arrows. The numbers refer to the positions of the bases in the EMBL database entries with the following accession numbers: (a) AJ844287, (b) AJ879564, and (c) AJ877267 ( ).

Citation: Kadlec K, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 365-375. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0024-2017
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Comparison of Tn (GenBank accession no. X61367) and the sequenced parts of the resistance plasmids pKBB958 (GenBank accession no. AM183165) and pKBB4037 (GenBank accession no. AJ877266) from . A distance scale in kb is given below each map. The genes , (A), , , , Δ, , , , and Δ* are presented as arrows, with the arrowhead indicating the direction of transcription. The Δ symbol indicates a truncated, functionally inactive gene. The black boxes represent the terminal or internal 38-bp repeats of Tn. The gray shaded areas indicate the homologous parts between the plasmids and Tn ( ).

Citation: Kadlec K, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 365-375. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0024-2017
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Tetracycline MIC distributions of isolates

Citation: Kadlec K, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 365-375. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0024-2017
Generic image for table
Table 2

Florfenicol MIC distributions of isolates

Citation: Kadlec K, Schwarz S. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , p 365-375. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0024-2017

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