Chapter 22 : Antimicrobial Resistance in , , and Other Rarely Investigated Veterinary and Zoonotic Pathogens

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Members of the genus are classified into more than 20 species based on DNA relatedness and comprise over 350 serovars, based on surface agglutinating lipopolysaccharide antigens. However, they are best viewed as three groupings. Saprophytic species, e.g., , are never associated with disease. Members of the pathogen group, e.g., and , cause leptospirosis in humans and animals worldwide, with infection resulting in a range of syndromes from mild or asymptomatic infection to severe forms involving multiple organ failure and death. An intermediate group containing, e.g., and , may be associated with infection and mild disease ( ).

Citation: Trott D, Abraham S, Adler B. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , , and Other Rarely Investigated Veterinary and Zoonotic Pathogens, p 471-483. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0029-2017
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Table 1

Reported antimicrobial susceptibilities of spp.

Citation: Trott D, Abraham S, Adler B. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , , and Other Rarely Investigated Veterinary and Zoonotic Pathogens, p 471-483. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0029-2017
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Table 2

CLSI human-specific clinical breakpoints for MIC testing of spp.

Citation: Trott D, Abraham S, Adler B. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , , and Other Rarely Investigated Veterinary and Zoonotic Pathogens, p 471-483. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0029-2017
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Table 3

MIC, MIC, and MIC range values for 6 antimicrobial agents tested against 10 North American and European isolates of

Citation: Trott D, Abraham S, Adler B. 2018. Antimicrobial Resistance in , , and Other Rarely Investigated Veterinary and Zoonotic Pathogens, p 471-483. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0029-2017

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