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Chapter 27 : Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications

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Abstract:

To show relationships between the use of antimicrobial agents and the selection and spread of bacteria with resistance characteristics, it is necessary to have access to information about prescription and consumption of antimicrobial drugs in the population to be studied. This requires suitable methods, but also the establishment of figures which adequately describe the use of antimicrobial agents on the level of the enterprise, the veterinarian or the farmer individually, as well as in a cumulative form for countries, regions, or special production forms. The overarching goal of this article, therefore, is to describe the way monitoring systems for antimicrobial drug usage in animals are set up.

Citation: Werner N, McEwen S, Kreienbrock L. 2018. Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications, p 569-594. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0015-2017
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Figures

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Figure 1

Annual sales of antimicrobial agents in tons (2014; Australian data from 2009/2010). Note that these figures are not adjusted for livestock population sizes and figures for Australia, Canada and the United States include sales of ionophores and/or coccidiostats (see text).

Citation: Werner N, McEwen S, Kreienbrock L. 2018. Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications, p 569-594. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0015-2017
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Figure 2

PCU-corrected sales data (mg/PCU) according to the ESVAC report 2016 ( )

Citation: Werner N, McEwen S, Kreienbrock L. 2018. Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications, p 569-594. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0015-2017
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Tables

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APPENDIXES

Glossary of Terms and Definitions Describing Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals (modified from reference )

Citation: Werner N, McEwen S, Kreienbrock L. 2018. Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications, p 569-594. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0015-2017
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Untitled

Overview of National Monitoring Systems for Antibiotic Consumption

Citation: Werner N, McEwen S, Kreienbrock L. 2018. Monitoring Antimicrobial Drug Usage in Animals: Methods and Applications, p 569-594. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0015-2017

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