Chapter 41 : Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria

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The history of the major pathogenic species of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) can be traced back to the early 20th century beginning with Friedmann’s recovery of from the lungs of two sea turtles (hence, the name from the Latin “of a turtle”) ( ). Almost 50 years later, the closely related was first reported as a cause of human skin and soft tissue infection in a patient with multiple soft tissue abscesses of a lower extremity ( ).

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
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Generic image for table
Table 1

Currently recognized species of RGM

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
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Table 2

Antimicrobials used for treatment of commonly encountered species of RGM

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
Generic image for table
Table 3

General principles of therapy of RGM disease

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
Generic image for table
Table 4

Species or taxonomic group and their common clinical settings

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
Generic image for table
Table 5

Pulmonary syndromes associated with respiratory cultures positive for RGM

Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria, p 703-723. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016

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