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was first isolated in 1953 ( ). The species was initially characterized by the formation of yellow colonies when exposed to light, a phenomenon resulting from the deposition of beta carotene and later termed photochromogenicity ( ). In his classification of atypical mycobacteria, Runyon divided nontuberculous mycobacteria into four groups based on growth rate and pigmentation. was classified into group I, along with other photochromogens such as ( ).

Citation: Johnston J, Chiang L, Elwood K. 2017. , p 725-734. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0011-2016
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Figure 1

This Ziehl-Neelsen-stained photomicrograph of an unknown species demonstrates the cross-barred pattern that is also typically exhibited in . Image courtesy of the CDC-Public Health Image Library/Ronald W. Smithwick (ID#14600).

Citation: Johnston J, Chiang L, Elwood K. 2017. , p 725-734. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0011-2016
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Generic image for table
Table 1

ATS/IDSA-recommended regimens

Citation: Johnston J, Chiang L, Elwood K. 2017. , p 725-734. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0011-2016
Generic image for table
Table 2

Duration of therapy and relapse rate in patients completing rifampin-containing regimens

Citation: Johnston J, Chiang L, Elwood K. 2017. , p 725-734. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0011-2016

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