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Plant Pathogenic Fungi

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  • Authors: Gunther Doehlemann1, Bilal Ökmen2, Wenjun Zhu3, Amir Sharon4
  • Editors: Joseph Heitman5, Barbara J. Howlett6
    Affiliations: 1: Botanical Institute and Center of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), University of Cologne, BioCenter, D-50674 Cologne, Germany; 2: Botanical Institute and Center of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), University of Cologne, BioCenter, D-50674 Cologne, Germany; 3: Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel; 4: Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel; 5: Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710; 6: School of Biosciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, NSW 3010, Australia
  • Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0023-2016
  • Received 20 July 2016 Accepted 27 July 2016 Published 27 January 2017
  • Gunther Doehlemann, [email protected]
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  • Abstract:

    Fungi are among the dominant causal agents of plant diseases. To colonize plants and cause disease, pathogenic fungi use diverse strategies. Some fungi kill their hosts and feed on dead material (necrotrophs), while others colonize the living tissue (biotrophs). For successful invasion of plant organs, pathogenic development is tightly regulated and specialized infection structures are formed. To further colonize hosts and establish disease, fungal pathogens deploy a plethora of virulence factors. Depending on the infection strategy, virulence factors perform different functions. While basically all pathogens interfere with primary plant defense, necrotrophs secrete toxins to kill plant tissue. In contrast, biotrophs utilize effector molecules to suppress plant cell death and manipulate plant metabolism in favor of the pathogen. This article provides an overview of plant pathogenic fungal species and the strategies they use to cause disease.

  • Citation: Doehlemann G, Ökmen B, Zhu W, Sharon A. 2017. Plant Pathogenic Fungi. Microbiol Spectrum 5(1):FUNK-0023-2016. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0023-2016.


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Fungi are among the dominant causal agents of plant diseases. To colonize plants and cause disease, pathogenic fungi use diverse strategies. Some fungi kill their hosts and feed on dead material (necrotrophs), while others colonize the living tissue (biotrophs). For successful invasion of plant organs, pathogenic development is tightly regulated and specialized infection structures are formed. To further colonize hosts and establish disease, fungal pathogens deploy a plethora of virulence factors. Depending on the infection strategy, virulence factors perform different functions. While basically all pathogens interfere with primary plant defense, necrotrophs secrete toxins to kill plant tissue. In contrast, biotrophs utilize effector molecules to suppress plant cell death and manipulate plant metabolism in favor of the pathogen. This article provides an overview of plant pathogenic fungal species and the strategies they use to cause disease.

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