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Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria

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  • Authors: Barbara A. Brown-Elliott1, Julie V. Philley2
  • Editor: David Schlossberg3
    Affiliations: 1: Department of Microbiology; 2: Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Tyler, TX 75708; 3: Philadelphia Health Department, Philadelphia, PA
  • Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
  • Received 04 November 2016 Accepted 09 November 2016 Published 13 January 2017
  • Barbara A. Brown-Elliott, [email protected]
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  • Abstract:

    Rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) compose approximately one-half of the currently validated mycobacterial species and are divided into six major groups, including the group, complex, group, group, /, and the pigmented RGM. This review discusses each group and highlights the major types of infections associated with each group. Additionally, phenotypic and molecular laboratory identification methods, including gene sequencing, mass spectrometry, and the newly emerging whole-genome sequencing, are detailed, along with a discussion of the current antimicrobial susceptibility methods and patterns of the most common pathogenic species.

  • Citation: Brown-Elliott B, Philley J. 2017. Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria. Microbiol Spectrum 5(1):TNMI7-0027-2016. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016.


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Rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) compose approximately one-half of the currently validated mycobacterial species and are divided into six major groups, including the group, complex, group, group, /, and the pigmented RGM. This review discusses each group and highlights the major types of infections associated with each group. Additionally, phenotypic and molecular laboratory identification methods, including gene sequencing, mass spectrometry, and the newly emerging whole-genome sequencing, are detailed, along with a discussion of the current antimicrobial susceptibility methods and patterns of the most common pathogenic species.

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Currently recognized species of RGM

Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
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Antimicrobials used for treatment of commonly encountered species of RGM

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General principles of therapy of RGM disease

Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
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Species or taxonomic group and their common clinical settings

Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016
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Pulmonary syndromes associated with respiratory cultures positive for RGM

Source: microbiolspec January 2017 vol. 5 no. 1 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0027-2016

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